Red shrimp plant is a Mexican perennial appreciated by novice and advanced gardeners alike. A billowing, evergreen species with curved, reddish bracts and small white flowers, red shrimp plant (Justicia brandegeana) grows 2 to 4 feet tall in sun or moderate shade.
The plants grow in many stemmed clumps and in USDA plant hardiness zones 8-11 growing shrimp plants in gardens has become so prevalent, it has now naturalized in many areas. This is largely due to the ease of shrimp plant propagation. The stems, which tend to become leggy with age and the sparse oval, green leaves, sometimes speckled with white, are not particularly attractive, but the bracts, which hold tiny and insignificant white flowers, are definitely eye catching. Each stem is tipped by a spike of light pink to rusty red bracts that arch into a form that looks remarkably like shrimp. There are cultivars of yellow and lime green as well.